Home assistant and docker swarm

I’ve been trying to get Homeassistant working on swarm for a few months now, but the thing that was preventing me from moving to swarm was the Homeassistant requirement to use host networking on the container.
I had tried many things but I finally got everything to work with the macvlan driver. I configured the homeassistant service with two networks:

  • One macvlan network, giving it an IP address in my iot network
  • One overlay network, giving traefik access to homeassistant

The macvlan network is configured as follows. I had to create a local macvlan network on each member of the swarm, with a subnet swarm is free to choose an IP from:

1st node:
docker network create –config-only –subnet=192.168.2.0/24 –gateway=192.168.2.1 -o parent=eth0 –ip-range 192.168.2.232/29 macvlan_local
2nd node:
docker network create –config-only –subnet=192.168.2.0/24 –gateway=192.168.2.1 -o parent=eth0 –ip-range 192.168.2.240/29 macvlan_local
3rd node:
docker network create –config-only –subnet=192.168.2.0/24 –gateway=192.168.2.1 -o parent=eth0 –ip-range 192.168.2.248/29 macvlan_local

Then I create a swarm scoped network:

docker network create -d macvlan –scope swarm –config-from macvlan_local macvlan_swarm

Then I can deploy the whole stack, here is the docker-compose file:
(the wait-for-it config is a script that prevents homeassistant from starting before mqtt, it’s not necessary but quite useful)

version: '3.7'

configs:
  wait-for-it:
    file: /srv/docker/homeassistant/wait-for-it/wait-for-it.sh

services:
  homeassistant:
    image: homeassistant/armhf-homeassistant:0.86.4
    configs:
      - source: wait-for-it
        target: /wait-for-it.sh
        mode: 755
    networks:
      - webgateway
      - macvlan_swarm
    command: ["/wait-for-it.sh", "rasper:1883", "--", "python", "-m", "homeassistant", "--config", "/config"]
    volumes:
      - /srv/docker/homeassistant/config:/config
      - /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro
    deploy:
      labels:
        - "traefik.backend=hassio"
        - "traefik.frontend.rule=Host:myhomeassistanthostname"
        - "traefik.port=8123"
        - "traefik.enable=true"
        - "traefik.docker.network=webgateway"
        - "traefik.default.protocol=http"

  mosquitto:
    image: eclipse-mosquitto
    volumes:
      - /srv/docker/mosquitto/config:/mosquitto/config
      - /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro
      - /srv/docker/mosquitto/data/mosquitto-data:/mosquitto/data
      - /srv/docker/mosquitto/data/mosquitto-log:/mosquitto/log
    ports:
      - "1883:1883"
      - "9001:9001"

  nodered:
    image: nodered/node-red-docker:rpi-v8
    deploy:
      labels:
        - "traefik.backend=nodered"
        - "traefik.frontend.rule=Host:mynoderedhostname"
        - "traefik.port=1880"
        - "traefik.enable=true"
        - "traefik.docker.network=webgateway"
        - "traefik.default.protocol=http"
    networks:
      - webgateway
    volumes:
      - /srv/docker/nodered:/data
    environment:
      - TZ:Europe/Brussels


volumes:
  mosquitto-data:
  mosquitto-log:

networks:
  webgateway:
    external: true
  macvlan_swarm:
    external: true
  hostnet:
    external: true
    name: host

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